University and Careers

LNAT

Summary 

For: Students applying to Law.
Used by: Bristol; Durham; Glasgow; KCL; LSE; Nottingham; Oxford; SOAS; UCL.
Registration by: 15th Sepember (Oxford); 15th January (rest). (Last sitting 20th January)
Testing begins 1st September. Registration begins 1st August.
Test Date: 15th October (Latest date for Oxford); 20th January (rest). (Tests commence 1st September)
Fee: £50 UK; £70 non EU centres
Test location: An external test Centre.


What is the LNAT?

The LNAT is run by a consortium of UK universities, and it allows these universities to rate your performance against all the other candidates interested in attending law courses in a given academic year. While it is just one element in the admissions process and universities consider a variety of factors such as school performance and A-level results, the LNAT is an opportunity for you to distinguish yourself among your peers. Even though the LNAT is called a 'test for law', it does not ask any questions specifically related to the law. There are no facts to learn or lessons to review. The LNAT is designed to identify academic potential and the intellectual skills necessary to make a successful law student.

It helps universities assess your aptitude for the skills required to study law. The content of the LNAT is managed by the members of the LNAT Consortium. 

The LNAT helps universities make fairer choices from the many highly-qualified applicants who want to join their undergraduate law programmes. It is used in collaboration with other admissions processes such as UCAS application and academic qualifications.

Who must take the LNAT?

The test must be taken by all applicants applying to study law, on the listed courses, at the following Law Schools in the year of application or for a deferred entry.

University Course Code
University of Bristol M100, MR11, MR12, MR13
University of Cambridge See 'Other Cambridge Univ. Tests'
Durham University M101, M102
University of Glasgow M114, M1R7, M1R1, M121, M1R2, M122, M1R3, M1M9, M1RR, M1R4, M123, MN11, MN12, MV13, ML11, MQ13, MQ15, ML17, MV11, MV15, ML12, MR17, M100, M9R1, M9R2, M9R3, M9R4, MN19, ML13, M1L1, MQ93, MQ95, MV91, MV95, ML92
King's College London LM21, M100, M121, M122, M190
LSEM100
University of Nottingham
M100, M101, M1R1, M1R2
University of Oxford
M100, M190, M191, M192, M193, M194
SOAS
M100 and all other combinations including Law. (M102 LLB Senior Status does not require the LNAT)
University College London M100, M101, M102, M141, M142, M144, M145, M146

The following non-UK universities also rely on the LNAT under certain conditions.  Please check with the universities directly for details. Singapore Law School; IE Law School.

The structure and content of the LNAT

The LNAT is a 2¼ hour test on-screen test with two sections: multiple choice and essay writing. The first multiple-choice section (Section A) includes 12 argumentative passages with 3 or 4 multiple choice questions on each. There are a total of 42 questions and you will have 95 minutes to complete the section. The test developers have tried to allow a 'reasonable' amount of time for candidates to consider their choices carefully. However, time is limited, so developing the right pace is an important aspect of the preparation. The questions test verbal comprehension and reasoning skills, the skills that are necessary for law students. Each passage, ranging from about 400 to 600 words, is followed by questions that test understanding, interpretation, analysis, synthesis, induction, and deduction. You will be able to review your answers at any time during the 95 minutes, but you will not be able to return to the multiple choice section once you begin Section B.

The writing portion (Section B) consists of three questions on a variety of topics from which you pick one. You will have 40 minutes to write a response to the question you have selected. An ideal LNAT essay is 500 to 600 words long, but your essay cannot exceed 750 words. Although it will be helpful to have a good grasp on everyday subjects, the purpose of the essay is to test your ability to select and organise ideas to put together a solid argument, and to assess your command of language. (sample essays here)

Registering for the LNAT

In order to take the LNAT, you must first register online. Registration and test-booking will open on 1st August with tests commencing on 1st September. The site includes specific instructions about the registration process including a step-by-step guide. In the first instance it is necessary to create a web account with a user profile which will gather personal information about you. It will also ask you to select the universities to which you would like to send your results (so you will need to consider this before you create a profile). Should you make a mistake it is possible to correct any error before your test date. Once you have registered you will be sent an email with a password so that you can continue with your registration. You may then book your test and it will be necessary to pay at this point.

You should note that there are actually two versions of the LNAT: the regular sitting and the extended time. If you are entitled to extended time because of dyslexia or some other condition you can select the extended time test. Universities will check on entitlement.

Preparation to take the LNAT

The LNAT is a computer-based test. The more familiar and confident you are with the mechanics of the test, the better you will be able to focus all your energy and skills on answering the questions. Practise reading on your computer screen. An important part of your preparation for the LNAT is reading papers and journals to develop your analytical reading skills. Read online journals and newspapers as much as possible so you will be comfortable reading passages on a computer screen in the test setting. Some good sites to visit include - The Economist; The Guardian; BBC News; Times Online and the Times Literary Supplement.
Develop an economical notation method so you can make notes and plan your essay efficiently. You will not be able to bring any scrap of paper into the exam room rather, you will be provided with an erasable whiteboard which you will use to make notes as you read the passages but there will be a limited amount of space. A consistent notation system that you have practiced using while reading online articles, planning practice essays, or taking the practise tests will help you use the whiteboard to your advantage during the test. When you take your practice test, try to replicate the test conditions. You are not allowed any personal items in your test cubicle. This means, in addition to no pens or paper of your own, no water, sweets, coffee or tea. Visit the official LNAT site to take an online practice test. This will not only give you practise questions but it will allow you a chance to move through the computer screens before you sit the real exam. You can also tour a test centre - so you know what to expect when you arrive at your chosen centre. Passing the National Admissions Test for Law text via Amazon.

LNAT Preparation Guide.

LNAT Results

The multiple choice component is marked out of 42 and this is known as the LNAT Score; with the scores being sent automatically to all of the participating Law Schools to which the candidate has applied. The essay component will not be centrally marked but will be passed to the relevant Law Schools for them to assess in accordance with their own criteria. There is no specific pass mark and it will be up to each institution how they decide to mark the essay component and interpret the multiple choice results. Some may, for example, use the essay as the basis for further discussions at interview, whilst others may simply use it as an additional academic result in conjunction with A-level grades or predictions. (Students receive the mark for the first section of the test in mid February)

Useful Web Sites

LNAT - home page.